Fetal fibronectin is a protein that performs two roles during pregnancy. It is produced by the placenta and acts as the glue that attaches the placenta to the uterine wall. In late pregnancy, it acts as a lubricant, aiding in the passage of the newborn through the vaginal canal. Amniotic fluid contains fetal fibronectin and when the membranes leak, can be detected in a cervicovaginal collection. This can be used as a predictor of pre-term delivery, defined as less than 37 weeks gestation.
- WHAT IT TESTS: Measures fetal fibronectin levels
- WHY TAKE IT: Helps predict the likelihood of premature delivery within the next 7-14 days.
- REQUIRES FAST? No.